George Nicholas Papanicolaou was born in Kimi on the island of Euboea. It is near the southern town of Karystos known for the ancient physician Diokles of. Even at a young age, George Papanicolaou envisioned himself striving to live his life out on some large, important, but as yet undefined stage. After receiving his. Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou was a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer George Papanikolaou In he moved to Miami, Florida, to develop the Papanicolaou Cancer Research Institute at the University of Miami, but.

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In he emigrated to the U.

Original Artwork: Gene Boyer: Dr. George Nicholas Papanicolaou

Cornell University New York Hospital. After serving for two years as second lieutenant in the medical corps of the Greek army during the Balkan War, fighting the Turks, he visited the United States, and when World War I broke out inhe decided to stay there.

InPapanicolaou told an incredulous audience of physicians about the technique of gathering cellular debris from the lining of the vaginal tract and smearing it on a glass slide for microscopic examination as a way to identify cervical cancer. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise.

However, complying with his father’s wish, he continued his nixholas at the medical faculty and received the M.

Georgios Papanikolaou

In November Papanicolaou moved to Florida and became director of the Miami Cancer Institute, but died three months later of acute myocardial infarction. The institute was renamed the Papanicolaou Cancer Research Institute in his honor.

A British researcher had shown that cancer cells could be identified in lung cancer back in the early s. Papanicolaou was born on May the 13, in the city of Kymi on the Greek island of Euboea. In —with a new wife and no firm prospects—Papanicolaou set sail for America. Heorge a medical conference in Battle Creek, Michigan, Papanicolaou introduced his a low-cost, easily performed screening test for early detection of the cancerous and precancerous cells.


You do not currently have access to this article Login Please login to access the full content. Papanicolaou’s findings were of great benefit to the fledgling field of nichlas. InPapanicolaou became Emeritus Professor at what was then Cornell University Medical College, where two laboratories now bear his name.

Parthenon Publishing Group; As part of his research at the New York Hospital, he collaborated with Dr Herbert Traut, a gynaecological pathologist, eventually publishing their landmark book inDiagnosis of Uterine Cancer by the Vaginal Smear.

With his wife and future research companion, he then went to nicholaz United States of America. Sign in with your library card. Science and Its Times: He subsequently served as an assistant surgeon in the military until In female guinea pigs, Papanicolaou had already noticed cell transformation and wanted to corroborate the phenomenon in human females. It happened that one of Papanicolaou’s human subjects was suffering from uterine cancer. This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat After graduation, Papanicolaou worked in the military as an nicholaas surgeon for a short time, then returned to his hometown, Kimi.

These milestones include the discovery of the electron microscope in ; the concept of cell theory; the techniques of fixing, staining, and mounting specimens; and finally the realization that, from the study of cells or tiny tissue fragments on a slide, one can often distinguish between healthy and diseased bodily changes.

The history of the Papanicolaou smear and the odyssey of George and Andromache Papanicolaou. Despite success and acclaim, Papanicolaou continued to work at least six days a week and went years between vacations. His capable wife Mary managed both laboratory and household affairs, even functioning as an experimental subject in some of his studies.

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Sackett, Evidence-based Medicine — 2 Apr 31 – E. Those of us who looked upon him as a guiding star will always owe him our gratitude, and those women who were helped by his test owe him their lives.

He needed to avoid wasting animals by killing them at the wrong time so he did the meticulous studies and invented a method of doing it. Obstetric and Gynecologic Milestones.


For the next year he took care of patients at a leper colony north of his hometown of Kimi.

The diagnostic value of vaginal smears in carcinoma of the uterus. He worked for one year as a physiologist and then returned to Greece upon the death of his mother. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

That year he had undertaken a study of vaginal fluid in women, in hopes of observing cellular changes over the course of a menstrual cycle. That year he had undertaken a study of vaginal fluid in women, in hopes of observing cellular changes over the course of a menstrual cycle. G eorge Nicholas Papanicolaou was the originator of the Pap test used in the diagnosis of cervical cancer.

George Nicholas Papanicolaou |

After serving in the army, he joined his father’s medical practice for awhile before pursuing a career in academic medicine. For the next two years, he cared for leprosy patients on the outskirts of his hometown.

However, this potential medical breakthrough was initially met with scepticism and resistance from the scientific community, and it was not until the early s that large-scale screening using Pap smear began.

George Nicholas Papanicolaou stamp May 18, Shortly thereafter, Papanicolaou married Andromache Mavroyeni Marywho was from a famous military family. Mary was both thrilled and relieved, as she was increasingly concerned over his nicholaas distracted behaviour and nichholas with dream analysis and parapsychology.

He described the importance of a distinct cellular pattern corresponding to cervical intraepithelial neoplastic lesions. In the ‘s, George Papanicolaou began to pzpanicolaou his studies on the structure, function, and transformation of cells as viewed under a microscope a branch of biology known as cytology.