Gprof is a performance analysis tool for Unix applications. It used a hybrid of instrumentation Another implementation was written as part of the GNU project for GNU GPROF output consists of two parts: the flat profile and the call graph. Gprof is a profiling program which collects and arranges statistics on your lly, it looks Write hate-mail to gnu (but don’t tell them I told you to). If you are a programmer, who writes code in C, Pascal, or Fortran77 programming language and uses Linux as the development platform, youll be glad to.

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And by testing, we don’t mean just testing the code for bugs gprov of course, bug detection is important as nobody would want their software to be buggy – performance of the code also gpdof matters these days. The GNU profiler gprof is a useful tool for measuring the performance of a program–it records the number of calls to each function and the amount of time spent there, on a per-function basis.

Note that ideally I would have compiled the above code using the following command:. GPROF output consists of two parts: Get your subscription here.

Download and Install Gprof Gprof Usage. The mcount function may not be thread-safe in some implementations, so multi-threaded application profiles can be incorrect typically it only profiles the main thread of application.

In case you want this information to be omitted from the output, you can use the -b option provided by Gprof. This creates an instrumented executable which contains additional instructions that record the time spent in each function. The resulting data is not exact, rather a statistical approximation. Sampling is done by probing the target program’s program counter at regular intervals using operating system interrupts programmed via profil 2 or setitimer gpdof syscalls.


So, we’ll start off with a C language program, which we’ll be profiling through Gprof. The other columns in the output provide information on the total number of function calls made, and the time spent in each function.

Gprof – Wikipedia

Do you already have an account? Comprehensive, affordable, and easy-to-use APM and infrastructure monitoring. Now, moving on, the next step is to compile this code using gcc.

Here’s what the man profiker of Gprof says about information under these two sections:. The flat profile gives the total execution time spent in each function and its percentage of the total running time.

Gough, foreword by Richard M. Needless to say, the best way to understand a tool like Gprof is through a practical example. In case you already use Gprof, and want to share something related to the tool with everyone here, just drop in a comment below.

Unlike prof, gprof is capable of limited call graph collecting and printing. Kessler, and Marshall K. Armed with this information, profler you’ll be in a better position to understand the gni present in your profiling output file profile-data.

Once the command is executed, you’ll see that a file named gmon. Views Read Edit View history.

GNU gprof – Table of Contents

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The next step is to launch that executable. Yes, my password is: There were analogous utility in glibc called ‘sprof’ to profile dynamic libraries.

If the program consists of more than one source file then the -pg option should be used when compiling each source file, and used again when linking the object files to profilet the final executable as shown above. Log in or Sign up. Reduce your monitoring cost, not your coverage. Gprod amount of error is tnu more than one sampling period. In this tutorial, we’ll be discussing the details of how you can download, install, and use this tool. If all this sounds a bit confusing at this point especially the part in quotesdon’t worry, as we’ll make things clear through an example.


Not to be confused with the perfect hash function generator gperf. The source file ‘collatz.

No, create an account now. It is this file which contains all the information that the Gprof tool requires to produce a human-readable profiling data.

Gprof is a performance analysis tool for Unix applications. According to the tool’s official documentation, it gives users an execution profile of their C, Pascal, or Fortran77 programs.

How to install and use profiling tool Gprof on Linux

It can be analyzed with gprof by giving the name of the executable as an argument:. To use profiling, the program must be compiled and linked with the -pg profiling option:.

In some versions, such as BSD, profiling of shared libraries can be limited because of restrictions of the profil function, which may be implemented as library function or as system call. So, the command becomes:. So, now use the Gprof tool in the following way:. What Gprof basically does is, it calculates the amount of time spent in each routine or function.

This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat On this page What profilee Gprof?